At present, the basic functions of online degassing aluminum are degassing, slag removal, and alkali removal. In addition, it also has the function of adjusting the heat balance of the molten aluminum in the launder.
Principle of Degassing
Online degassing aluminum generally uses nitrogen or argon as the degassing carrier, and it is also possible to add 2-5% chlorine gas to the carrier gas to improve the effect of degassing and alkali removal.
The degassing principle of on-line degassing is consistent with the basic principle of refining and degassing in the furnace. It is still degassed by partial pressure difference and chemical reaction. However, unlike the refining in the furnace, the high-speed graphite rotor impeller of the online degassing equipment can The bubbles are cut into numerous dispersed small bubbles. These small bubbles will be more evenly distributed in the limited space of the degassing equipment, which greatly increases the surface area of the bubbles and significantly improves the degassing effect of the partial pressure difference.
If chlorine is added to the carrier gas, the degassing effect will be more secure, and the alkali removal effect will be significantly enhanced. Chlorine gas is highly toxic and has potential safety hazards, which requires strict management and use.
Different on-line degassing methods have different degassing effects. At present, box degassing and launder degassing are commonly used. Among them, box degassing is the mainstream, with stable operation effect and high degassing efficiency. The gas efficiency is related to the design of the degassing box and the initial hydrogen content, generally 35-70%), but the one-time investment and operating costs are relatively high.
Principle of Deslagging
The slag removal in the online degassing stage only has a separate adsorption and slag removal. The tiny slag will be adsorbed on the bubbles and float on the surface of the molten aluminum, so the aluminum slag in the degassing box needs to be cleaned regularly.
Principle of alkali removal
The alkali removal of on-line degassing is mainly achieved by adding chlorine gas to the carrier gas. Pure argon has no alkali removal effect, while nitrogen has a weaker removal effect on individual alkali metals.
The box-type degassing unit is equipped with an immersion heater, which can pre-fill the molten aluminum into the degassing unit to increase the temperature, and avoid the safety and quality risks caused by the low temperature of the molten aluminum in the initial stage of casting. During the production process, the temperature of the molten aluminum can also be adjusted by starting and stopping the heater in the degassing box to maintain the stability of the molten aluminum temperature during the casting process.